We have a Holistic approach to Nutrition
The world’s most commonly used spice, Piper Nigrum, starts life as berries in a clump on a flowering vine (like grapes). Native to Southern India, today pepper is grown throughout the tropics.
Archaeological evidence of people using pepper goes back to at least 2000 BC in India.
It is known that pepper was exported, but to what extent remains a mystery.
Nonetheless, signs of an ancient pepper trade from India to Egypt have been found, including the peppercorns that had been stuffed into the nostrils of Ramses the Great (1303-1213 BC) when he was mummified.
By 40 AD, the Romans had a thriving trade in spices, including pepper.
The Romans sailed out from the southwestern coast of India in July with the monsoon winds, and brought cinnamon, incense oils and pepper to their great commercial hub in Alexandria. The Romans followed the moonsoon back when the winds switched in the fall.
The Romans loved pepper, and in 'Apicius Cooking and Dining' in Imperial Rome, 80% of the recipes contained the spice.
Rome was attacked in 410 AD by the Visogoths. To lift the siege and prevent the city from being plundered, along with gold, silver, silk, and hides, the Romans paid “three thousand pounds of pepper.”
Negotiations soon broke down again, however, and the siege was resumed. Eventually the Eternal City was pillaged.